Course Details

LLB Stands for Legum Baccalaureus, which, in Latin, means Bachelor’s in Law. LLB course is sponsored by the Bar Council of India. Traditionally in India three years graduate degree is offered for legal education. However, now most of the colleges also offer a five-year integrated B.A. LLB course. Apart from studying laws, the BA LLB programme also covers practical training. Students get an opportunity to attend courts, have hands on training at legal aid centres and research projects. Also, it is mandatory for a student studying LLB to put in a year’s internship in final year. Students can also choose an area of specialization of their interest. Once a student completes his or her degree, they have to appear for the Bar Council Exam. The Bar Council of India is a statutory body which regulates legal education and practice in India.


There is no specific subject requirement for taking up law. However your aptitude, personality and interest has to be taken into consideration before choosing this stream. Getting a detailed career counseling definitely helps to understand if your interest, aptitude and personality are insync with this course or not. However, students from any stream {Science stream/ Commerce stream I Arts stream) in 12th can pursue Law. In order to become a professional lawyer, a student must pass the Bar exam after completing graduation.

Career Opportunities

Lawyers can find career opportunities in both public and private sector. Lawyers prefer to become an advocate and practice law as a profession. Criteria is to enroll with the Local/State/Central Bar Council. Central/State Government jobs are also open to Lawyers. They can be appointed as:

Careers in Law as Lawyers

There are different fields lawyers can specialise in. Here are a few examples.

  • Private lawyers focus on civil or criminal law, representing private individuals. In civil law,
    they pursue private law suits or litigation, or deal with wills, contracts, trusts, mortgages, leases, etc. A criminal lawyer career entails arguing a client’s case in court, following the client being charged with a crime. Some lawyers only handle larger, public interest cases that have wider social importance
  • Trial lawyers spend more time in court than other lawyers. However, the majority of their time is spent conducting research, interviewing clients and witnesses, and preparing for trial.
  • Corporate lawyers work solely for corporate clients and advise them on legal issues for their business related activities.
  • Intellectual property lawyers help to protect clients’ claims to copyrights, creative work under contract, product designs, and computer programs
  • Patent lawyers advise their clients on patent law, which allows them to protect their invention of a new product or process. A career as a patent lawyer therefore requires a lot of research. A patent can only be granted if the product or process is new.
  • Insurance lawyers advise insurance companies about the legality of insurance transactions, and guide the companies on how to write policies that are legally correct. They also help to protect companies from unwarranted action by reviewing their claims and representing the company in court.
  • Environmental lawyers work with groups and companies on environmental issues, such as construction, geological and waste management firms. These lawyers also guide their clients to apply for licenses and applications for activities which may affect the environment, or defend their clients if prosecuted by the authorities over environmental breaches
  • Government lawyers work as prosecutors and defenders on behalf of the state within the justice system.

Some areas of specializations of Law are listed below:

  • Administrative
  • Civil Litigation
  • Constitutional
  • Corporate and Commercial
  • Criminal
  • Environmental
  • Human Rights
  • Family
  • Intellectual Property
  • International
  • Immigration
  • Labour and Employment
  • Real Estate
  • Securities
  • Tax

Entrance Exams

Pattern of the CLAT

Pattern for CLAT is as below. Student aspiring to study law can start preparing from class 11 th onwards.
Total Marks200
Total number of multiple-choice questions of one mark each200
Duration of examinationTwo Hours

Subject areas with weightage:

English including Comprehension40 Marks
General Knowledge and Current Affairs5O Marks
Elementary Mathematics {Numerical Ability)20 Marks
Legal Aptitude5O Marks
Logical Reasoning40 Marks

There is a negative marking of 0.25 for every incorrect answer.

Apart from the national universities, students can also consider applying to some of the private and autonomous universities. Few other popular universities/colleges and their respective entrance tests are mentioned below.

Law SchoolEntrance Exam
Faculty of Law, Delhi UniversityAILET
Symbiosis Law School,PuneSymbiosis Entrance Test {SET)
Symbiosis Entrance Test {SET)All India Entrance Exam by BHU
Amity Law School, DelhiCommon Entrance Test (CET)
Faculty of Law, Aligarh Muslim UniversityAMU Law Admission Test
Army Institute of Law, MohaliArmy Institute of Law Entrance Test
Christ College of Law, BangaloreChrist University Entrance Test
Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College, PuneNLC Pune Entrance Test
ICFAI Law School,DehradoonILSAT

Top Colleges and Institutions to Pursue Law

There are various colleges and institutions in the country which offer courses in law. Follow- ing are the top colleges specified under the course for which they are best known.

Top colleges for B.A LLB

  • National Law School of India University
  • Gujarat National Law University (GNLU)
  • National Law Institute University (NLIU)
  • National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS
  • National Academy of Legal Studies and Research University (NALSAR)

Top Colleges for B.Sc. ll.B

  • Gujarat National Law University
  • Faculty of law
  • Delhi University
  • Amity Law School, Noida

Top Colleges for BBA LLB

  • Amity University, Uttar Pradesh
  • National Law University Jodhpur,Rajasthan
  • Symbiosis Law School,Maharashtra

Top Colleges for B.Com LLB

  • Nirma University
  • Delhi University
  • Gujarat National Law University
  • Hindu College
  • Amity Law School

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